The Greater Copenhagen Nanoscience Seminar: Anders Mikkelsen
On 19 March 2021 at 15:15 Anders Mikkelsen from NanoLund will give a talk at the Greater Copenhagen Nanoscience Seminar titled 'Inspired by insects: Nanoscale systems that sense, think and act'.
Nanostructures hold great promise as sensitive and selective sensors for applications throughout society. However, detecting a signal is not enough, it must also be processed and acted upon – preferably locally and energy efficiently without communicating with a distant central computer. Combining a variety of nanostructures into artificial neural networks could accomplish this. But we need well-defined circuit architectures and concepts, with limited size and clear functionality, as a starting point to explore any nanotechnology solution. Interestingly, current insect neurobiology has identified such circuits.
Insects are capable of amazing autonomous feats well beyond current computers, such as navigating across hundreds of kilometres of unfamiliar terrain, using a brain the size of a grain of rice, with only a few drops of nectar as energy supply. One module of the insect brain conserved across species with vastly different lifestyles is the central complex navigation circuit. This has been distilled to its fundamental neuroarchitecture and the function of a number of its components into a biologically constrained computational model .
We used this model to explore the potential of neuromorphic nanophotonic computing, which has recently gained much interest . We propose a new concept for creating efficient and fast neural networks where physical interconnects are replaced by light and nanostructured components keeps footprint and energy consumption minimal . Simulations of central parts of the network, indicate feasibility and promise performance orders of magnitude beyond present hardware solutions .
From a promising start, we want to expand efforts to design artificial neural networks inspired by neurobiology combined with all of our skills in fabrication and characterization of nanostructures.
 “An anatomically constrained model for path integration in the bee brain”, T. Stone, B. Webb, A. Adden, N. B. Weddig, A. Honkanen, R. Templin, W. Wcislo, L. Scimeca, E. Warrant, S. Heinze, Current Biology 27 (2017), 3069.
 ”Photonics for artificial intelligence and neuromorphic computing“, Shastri, B.J., Tait, A.N., Ferreira de Lima, T. et al. Nat. Photonics 15, (2021) 102.
 “Implementing an Insect Brain Computational Circuit Using III–V Nanowire Components in a Single Shared Waveguide Optical Network”, DO Winge, S Limpert, H Linke, MT Borgström, B Webb, S Heinze, A. Mikkelsen, ACS Photon. 7 (2020) 2787
Short Bio: Anders Mikkelsen, Professor, Lund University and Director of NanoLund
Anders Mikkelsen received his PhD degree in Physics from Århus University in 2001. He then moved to Lund and is now Professor at Department of Physics and director of the Swedish Strategic Research Area NanoLund. Anders studies the interplay between function, structure, and growth of nanostructures, from micrometers down to the atomic scale, from seconds to attosecond and moving towards realistic synthesis and device operation environments. The aim is a better fundamental understanding of complex, dynamic condensed matter systems, as well as developing novel materials and devices for next generation computing, energy systems and products improving our lives.
The Zoom link will be e-mailed to all members of the three research environments. In case you are interested and have not received the link, please contact: Gerda.Rentschler@ftf.lth.se.
The Greater Copenhagen Nanoscience Seminar series is organized by the three nanoscience hubs located in the Copenhagen-Lund area. The aim is to to increase awareness about our mutual capabilities and to inspire collaborations. Read more about the seminar series here.